How can I create a schedule where I can see the interest that accrues on a daily basis, every day?

Q: My law firm must calculate the interest from June 30, 2019 to May 28, 2020 on an amount due by an insurance company. I must be able to see the interest that accrues every day.

Interest rate is 4% annually and amount is 150,250.33.

A: In Margill Law Edition, you would usually use the “Interest on one amount between two dates” calculation:

Data entry:

This would give you the amount as two lines with a split on December 31 at midnight:

I know, you want detail, lots of it, on a daily basis so instead of using “Interest on one amount between two dates”, use the very powerful “Recurring Payments (Amortization)” calculation that can do just about anything, not only loans or mortgages.

Here is how I would enter the data to see the payments every single day. Notice:

  • “First Payment Date” is one date after my “Origination Date” or start date
  • “Payment Method” = “Payments set to 0.00”.
  • For “Number of Payments”, I right clicked with the mouse to enter 05-28-2020 and Margill calculates a cool 333 payments (of 0.00)

We get a 333 line schedule with the daily interest for each day.

We get almost the same amount as in the calculation done with “Interest on one amount between two dates”. We are higher by 0.66 since the calculations below are done line by line and the 2 decimal point pennies leads to this slight difference.

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In Simple interest, using the Actual/Actual Day count, the interest in 2019 is slightly higher than in leap year 2020. This also could have be done in Compound interest where the daily interest would change almost every day.

Remember the interest for the end date is excluded. So interest does not include the interest for May 28, 2020.

Margill Law/Standard Edition – Regular and Irregular payment schedule

Question:

I was wondering who I could contact at Margill for help on calculating a rather complex amortization table.

Beginning on 6/25/17 – the principal loan amount was $640,000 at an interest rate of 3% – payments of $3,000 to begin on 1/1/2018.

  • However, a payment of $350,000 was made on 7/12/2017
  • Additional loan amount of $500,000 was made on 9/25/2017
  • Additional loan amount of $150,000 was made on 12/8/2017

Answer:

Actually quite simple:

Go to “Recurring Payments” calculation. We will suppose this is compound interest, compounded monthly and monthly payments since it is a loan.

Let’s suppose 20 payments of $3000 each (if payments are missing or if there are too many, you can add or delete after).

Enter the data below:

Then Compute or F5.

This is our preliminary schedule:

 

You can now edit the schedule by adding the lump sum payment and extra principal.

The payment and extra principal were made in 2017 so I should add three lines above my payment date of 2018-01-01

I can do this with this icon or the right mouse click:

Then change the dates – start with Line 3 since you must follow the chronological order:

And finally change the amounts (1 payment and 2 loans). Notice lines 2 and 3 are negative since we are adding principal.

Now of course, with a balance of 934,064.93 after 20 payments, we would need to add a bunch of payments to fully pay back. You could add these lines with this icon (we would need to add hundreds of payment since payments are quite low):

My guess is you are looking for a balance at a specific date (let’s say today, start of day). Insert a line with a 0.00 payment:

And there you have it.

How to do erratic payments in Margill Standard/Law Edition

Question:

How to do erratic payments in Margill Standard/Law Edition

Answer:

Pretty simple. Once you entered all your loan data. Click Compute, and you will get to the payment schedule:

From there, you can change the Pmt date, the Payment amount, and the Rate.

You can even use the right click button to get many more options!

It is also possible to add or remove lines.

The totals will then be recalculated with the new schedule.

The Margill Team

Margill Standard/Law versions: How to do an irregular payments scedule

Question:

I have a principal of $200,000 starting 03/01/2017 (over 24 months) and the last payment to be made on March 1, 2019.

First payment is on 4/1/2017 at unknown amount.

Two $50,000 lump sum payments to be made on 05/01/2017 and 05/01/2018.

I must also compute the payments in between the $50,000 payments.

Interest at 5 percent.

Can did this be calculated in one calculation?

Answer:

Yes. Pretty easy to do in fact.

Go to “Recurring Payments” caclulation.

I will suppose compounding is Monthy.

Enter this preliminary data

Compute or F5 to get these preliminary results:

You can totally adapt this to your needs.

We know payments of 50,000 are to be paid on 05/01/2017 and 05/01/2018. Change these directly in the schedule.

As for the payments in between, they must be recomputed so as to reach a balance of 0.00 at the end.

Select all lines (Ctrl A) then exclude the 50,000 lines (Ctrl click on lines 2 and 14) and right click with the mouse. I want my balance to be 0.00.

And here you have it. My last payment if off by a few cents so I checked “Balance = 0.00” on the bottom right.

Save that calculation and you can then adapt to what happens for real over time.

Took less than a minute….


Client comment after post:

Marc, I just checked it. You made four people very happy today. One client, two attorneys, and me.

 I really appreciate your availability, patience, and instruction.